Aruba

Map

Aruba Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation;

Natural Resources: NEGL; white sandy beaches;

Natural Hazards: hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened;

Population: 109,153 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census

Factbook

Quick Facts About Aruba

Population

104,589
note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 18.8% (male 9,897/female 9,756)
15-64 years: 70.3% (male 35,234/female 38,278)
65 years and over: 10.9% (male 4,520/female 6,904) (2010 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 80.8%, Evangelist 4.1%, Protestant 2.5%, Jehovah”s Witnesses 1.5%, Methodist 1.2%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%

Languages

Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)

Internet Users

24,000 (2008)

Country Name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Aruba

Government Type

parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Oranjestad
geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches

no regular military forces; the Netherlands maintains a detachment of marines, a frigate, and an amphibious combat detachment in the neighboring Netherlands Antilles (2010)

Dependency Status

member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs

Background

Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island”s economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba”s request in 1990.

Area – Comparative

slightly larger than Washington, DC

Area

total: 180 sq km
land: 180 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Terrain

flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Climate

tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Natural Hazards

hurricanes; lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and is rarely threatened