Botswana

Map

Botswana Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest;

Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver;

Natural Hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility;

Population: 2,127,825 (July 2013 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Factbook

Quick Facts About Botswana

Population: 2,029,307
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure
0-14 years: 34.3% (male 354,392/female 341,763)
15-64 years: 61.8% (male 632,287/female 622,169)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 31,855/female 46,841) (2010 est.)

Religions: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)

Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Internet Users: 120,000 (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Botswana
conventional short form: Botswana
local long form: Republic of Botswana
local short form: Botswana
former: Bechuanaland

Government Type: parliamentary republic
Capital name: Gaborone
geographic coordinates: 24 45 S, 25 55 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches
Botswana Defense Force: Ground Forces, Air Arm (2010)

Dependency Status: *

Background
Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country”s conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world”s highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa”s most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

Area – Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas
Area total: 581,730 sq km
land: 566,730 sq km
water: 15,000 sq km

Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest
Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Natural Hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility