Map


Cameroon Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north;

Natural Resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower;

Natural Hazards: volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes

volcanism: Mt. Cameroon (elev. 4,095 m), which last erupted in 2000, is the most frequently active volcano in West Africa; lakes in Oku volcanic field have released fatal levels of gas on occasion, killing some 1,700 people in 1986;

Population: 20,549,221 (July 2013 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Profile

Quick Facts About Cameroon

Population 19,294,149
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 40.7% (male 3,959,785/female 3,889,947)
15-64 years: 56% (male 5,430,743/female 5,377,421)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 291,979/female 344,274) (2010 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Languages 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Internet Users 725,000 (2008)
Country Name conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon
conventional short form: Cameroon
local long form: Republique du Cameroun/Republic of Cameroon
local short form: Cameroun/Cameroon
former: French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
Government Type republic; multiparty presidential regime
Capital name: Yaounde
geographic coordinates: 3 52 N, 11 31 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Military Branches Cameroon Armed Forces (Forces Armees Camerounaises, FAC): Army (L”Armee de Terre), Navy (includes naval infantry), Air Force (Armee de l”Air du Cameroun, AAC), Fire Fighter Corps, Gendarmerie (2010)
Dependency Status *
Background The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Area – Comparative slightly larger than California
Area total: 475,440 sq km
land: 472,710 sq km
water: 2,730 sq km
Terrain diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north
Climate varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
Natural Hazards volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes