Cape Verde

Map

Cape Verde Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic;

Natural Resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum;

Natural Hazards: prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active

volcanism: Fogo (elev. 2,829 m), which last erupted in 1995, is Cabo Verde’s only active volcano;

Population: 531,046 (July 2013 est.)

Factbook

Quick Facts About Cape Verde

Population: 508,659 (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure
0-14 years: 33.4% (male 85,285/female 84,464)
15-64 years: 61.1% (male 150,203/female 160,485)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 10,699/female 17,523) (2010 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
Internet Users: 102,800 (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
conventional short form: Cape Verde
local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
local short form: Cabo Verde

Government Type: republic
Capital name: Praia
geographic coordinates: 14 55 N, 23 31 W
time difference: UTC-1 (4 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches
People”s Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARP): Army, Coast Guard (includes maritime air wing) (2007)

Dependency Status: *

Background
The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; Cape Verde subsequently became a trading center for African slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping. Following independence in 1975, and a tentative interest in unification with Guinea-Bissau, a one-party system was established and maintained until multi-party elections were held in 1990. Cape Verde continues to exhibit one of Africa”s most stable democratic governments. Repeated droughts during the second half of the 20th century caused significant hardship and prompted heavy emigration. As a result, Cape Verde”s expatriate population is greater than its domestic one. Most Cape Verdeans have both African and Portuguese antecedents.

Area – Comparative: slightly larger than Rhode Island
Area total: 4,033 sq km
land: 4,033 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and erratic
Natural Hazards: prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active