Djibouti Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains;

Natural Resources: potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum;

Natural Hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

volcanism: experiences limited volcanic activity; Ardoukoba (elev. 298 m) last erupted in 1978; Manda-Inakir, located along the Ethiopian border, is also historically active;

Population: 792,198 (July 2013 est.)


Quick Facts About Djibouti

Population 740,528 (July 2010 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 35.7% (male 132,233/female 131,785)
15-64 years: 61.1% (male 200,282/female 251,965)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 10,890/female 13,373) (2010 est.)
Religions Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
Languages French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Internet Users 13,000 (2008)
Country Name conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
conventional short form: Djibouti
local long form: Republique de Djibouti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti
local short form: Djibouti/Jibuti
former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
Government Type republic
Capital name: Djibouti
geographic coordinates: 11 35 N, 43 09 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Military Branches Djibouti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force)
Dependency Status *
Background The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti”s first multi-party presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second term in 2005. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country but also has strong ties with the US. Djibouti hosts the only US military base in sub-Saharan Africa and is a front-line state in the global war on terrorism.
Area – Comparative slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Area total: 23,200 sq km
land: 23,180 sq km
water: 20 sq km
Terrain coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Climate desert; torrid, dry
Natural Hazards earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods