Equatorial Guinea


Equatorial Guinea Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic;

Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay;

Natural Hazards: violent windstorms; flash floods

volcanism: Santa Isabel (elev. 3,007 m), which last erupted in 1923, is the country’s only historically active volcano; Santa Isabel, along with two dormant volcanoes, form Bioko Island in the Gulf of Guinea;

Population: 704,001 (July 2013 est.)


Quick Facts About Equatorial Guinea

Population: 650,702 (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure
0-14 years: 41.7% (male 137,913/female 133,326)
15-64 years: 54.2% (male 173,378/female 179,203)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 11,735/female 15,147) (2010 est.)

Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
Languages: Spanish 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) (1994 census)
Internet Users: 12,000 (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea
local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial/Republique de Guinee equatoriale
local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial/Guinee equatoriale
former: Spanish Guinea

Government Type: republic
Capital name: Malabo
geographic coordinates: 3 45 N, 8 47 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches
National Guard (Guardia Nacional de Guinea Ecuatoria, GNGE (Army), with Coast Guard (Navy) and Air Wing) (2009)

Dependency Status: *

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections – as well as the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections – were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa”s third largest oil exporter. Despite the country”s economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the population”s living standards.

Area – Comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
Area total: 28,051 sq km
land: 28,051 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Climate: tropical; always hot, humid
Natural Hazards: violent windstorms; flash floods