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European Union Terrain: fairly flat along the Baltic and Atlantic coast; mountainous in the central and southern areas;

Natural Resources: iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish;

Natural Hazards: flooding along coasts; avalanches in mountainous area; earthquakes in the south; volcanic eruptions in Italy; periodic droughts in Spain; ice floes in the Baltic;

Population: 509,365,627 (July 2013 est.)