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Honduras Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains;

Natural Resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower; Natural Hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast; Population: 8,448,465 (July 2013 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

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Quick Facts About Honduras

Source: CIA World Factbook

Population: 7,989,415
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure: 0-14 years: 37.4% (male 1,525,348/female 1,461,787)
15-64 years: 58.9% (male 2,360,771/female 2,346,885)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 131,474/female 163,150) (2010 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

Languages: Spanish, Amerindian dialects

Internet Users: 658,500 (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
conventional short form: Honduras
local long form: Republica de Honduras
local short form: Honduras

Government Type: democratic constitutional republic

Capital name: Tegucigalpa
geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November

Military Branches: Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Honduran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Hondurena, FAH) (2008)

Background

Once part of Spain”s vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.

Area – Comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee
Area total: 112,090 sq km
land: 111,890 sq km
water: 200 sq km

Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Natural Hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast