Ireland

Map

Ireland Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast;

Natural Resources: natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite;

Natural Hazards: NA;

Population: 4,775,982 (July 2013 est.)

Factbook

Quick Facts About Ireland

Population

4,250,163 (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 20.9% (male 460,671/female 429,505)
15-64 years: 66.9% (male 1,421,573/female 1,420,334)
65 years and over: 12.2% (male 232,146/female 285,934) (2010 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)

Languages

English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast

Internet Users

2.83 million (2008)

Country Name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Ireland
local long form: none
local short form: Eire

Government Type

republic, parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Dublin
geographic coordinates: 53 19 N, 6 14 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Military Branches

Irish Defense Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireann): Army, Naval Service, Air Corps (2010)

Dependency Status

*

Background

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

Area – Comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Area

total: 70,273 sq km
land: 68,883 sq km
water: 1,390 sq km

Terrain

mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Climate

temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Natural Hazards

NA