Liberia

Map

Liberia Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast;

Natural Resources: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower;

Natural Hazards: dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March);

Population: 3,989,703 (July 2013 est.)

Factbook

Quick Facts About Liberia

Population: 3,685,076 (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure
0-14 years: 44.3% (male 819,475/female 814,059)
15-64 years: 52.8% (male 964,886/female 979,504)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 54,305/female 52,847) (2010 est.)

Religions: Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 40%
Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
Internet Users: 20,000 (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Liberia
conventional short form: Liberia

Government Type: republic
Capital name: Monrovia
geographic coordinates: 6 18 N, 10 48 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches
Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL): Army, Navy, Air Force

Dependency Status: *

Background
Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendents of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE”s regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE himself was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for elections that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who faces war crimes charges in The Hague related to his involvement in Sierra Leone”s civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. The UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) maintains a strong presence throughout the country, but the security situation is still fragile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country continues.

Area – Comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee
Area total: 111,369 sq km
land: 96,320 sq km
water: 15,049 sq km

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Natural Hazards: dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)