Mongolia Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central;

Natural Resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron;

Natural Hazards: dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; “zud,” which is harsh winter conditions;

Population: 3,226,516 (July 2013 est.)