Montserrat Terrain : volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland.
Resources : NEGL.
Natural Hazards : severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995).
Population : 9,538 note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2007 est.).
Quick Facts About Montserrat
Source: CIA World Factbook
Population : 5,118
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2010 est.)
Age Structure : 0-14 years: 27.1% (male 725/female 663)
15-64 years: 66.4% (male 1,620/female 1,777)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 223/female 110) (2010 est.)
Religions : Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations
Languages : English
Internet Users : 1,200 (2008)
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Montserrat
Government Type : NA
Capital name : Plymouth
geographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 W
Time difference : UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
note : Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr”s Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
Military Branches : no regular military forces; Royal Montserrat Police Force (2008)
Dependency Status : overseas territory of the UK
English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island”s sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.
Area – Comparative : about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC
Area total : 102 sq km
land: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Terrain : volcanic island, mostly mountainous, with small coastal lowland
Climate : tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
Natural Hazards : severe hurricanes (June to November); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995)