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Mozambique Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west;

Natural Resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite;

Natural Hazards: severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces;

Population: 24,096,669 (July 2013 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

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Quick Facts About Mozambique

Population 22,061,451
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected; the 1997 Mozambican census reported a population of 16,099,246 (July 2010 est.)
Age Structure 0-14 years: 44.1% (male 4,891,581/female 4,832,593)
15-64 years: 53% (male 5,746,820/female 5,954,815)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 263,291/female 372,351) (2010 est.)
Religions Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1% (1997 census)
Languages Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Internet Users 350,000 (2008)
Country Name conventional long form: Republic of Mozambique
conventional short form: Mozambique
local long form: Republica de Mocambique
local short form: Mocambique
former: Portuguese East Africa
Government Type republic
Capital name: Maputo
geographic coordinates: 25 57 S, 32 35 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Military Branches Mozambique Armed Defense Forces (FADM): Mozambique Army, Mozambique Navy (Marinha Mocambique, MM), Mozambique Air Force (Forca Aerea de Mocambique, FAM) (2006)
Dependency Status *
Background Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country”s development until the mid 1990″s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment.
Area – Comparative slightly less than twice the size of California
Area total: 799,380 sq km
land: 786,380 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km
Terrain mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Climate tropical to subtropical
Natural Hazards severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces