Syria Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west;

Natural Resources: petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower;

Natural Hazards: dust storms, sandstorms

volcanism: Syria’s two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries;

Population: 22,457,336 (July 2013 est.)
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012)