Map

Uzbekistan Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west;

Natural Resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum;

Natural Hazards: NA;

Population: 28,661,637 (July 2013 est.)

Profile

Quick Facts About Uzbekistan

Source: CIA World Factbook

Population: 27,865,738 (July 2010 est.)

Age Structure: 0-14 years: 27.3% (male 3,893,056/female 3,709,185)
15-64 years: 68% (male 9,410,206/female 9,532,880)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 564,417/female 755,994) (2010 est.)

Religions: Muslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%

Languages: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

Internet Users: 2.469 million (2008)

Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
conventional short form: Uzbekistan
local long form: Ozbekiston Respublikasi
local short form: Ozbekiston
former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

Government Type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Capital name: Tashkent (Toshkent)
geographic coordinates: 41 20 N, 69 18 E
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Military Branches: Army, Air and Air Defense Forces, National Guard

Background

Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Boshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of “white gold” (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.

Area – Comparative: slightly larger than California
Area total: 447,400 sq km
land: 425,400 sq km
water: 22,000 sq km

Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
Climate: mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
Natural Hazards: NA